Sixth form collages have a Drop the Learning Tax Campaign to try to stop them being unfairly made to pay VAT on education. The tax problem is down to the UK government, not the European VAT Directive. Under UK rules normal schools and academy schools can get a refund back from local then central government of the VAT they pay out. But sixth form colleges cannot. So they suffer an unfair VAT tax on education. So pupils taking the same A levels or other exams at a school vs. a sixth form college are not treated equally.
Tax Barrister, Accountant